Malayalam Calendar Follows A Pattern Of Six Seasons Slightly Different From North Indian Calendars

Discussion in 'Ancient, Indigenous, & Tribal Calendars' started by CULCULCAN, Dec 19, 2019.

  1. CULCULCAN

    CULCULCAN The Final Synthesis - isbn 978-0-9939480-0-8 Staff Member

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    The Malayalam calendar or Kollam Era, a solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala,
    follows a pattern of six seasons slightly different from North Indian Calendars.

    No.RituSeasonMalayalam solar monthsSanskrit solar monthsGregorian monthsSeasonal festivals
    1Vasantam
    വസന്തം
    SpringMakaram (second half)-Kumbham-Meenam (first half)Makara (second half)-Kumbha-Mīna (first half)February & MarchVasantha Panchami, Holi
    2Grishmam
    ഗ്രീഷ്മം
    SummerMeenam (second half)-Medam-Idavam (first half)Mīna (second half)-Meṣa-Vṛṣabha (first half)April & MayVishu
    3Varsham
    വർഷം
    Monsoon or RainIdavam (second half)-Mithunam-Karkatakam (first half)Vṛṣabha (second half)-Mithuna-Karkaṭaka (first half)June & JulyKarkataka Vavu (marks the beginning of Sharad season)
    4Sarath
    ശരത്ത്
    Early AutumnKarkitakam (second half)-Chingam-Kanni (first half)Karkaṭaka (second half)-Siṃha-Kanyā (first half)August & SeptemberRakshabandhanam, Krishna Janmashtami (Sri Krishna Jayanti), Onam
    5Hemantham
    ഹേമന്തം
    Late AutumnKanni (second half)-Thulam-Vrischikam (first half)Kanyā (second half)-Tulā-Vṛścik‌‌‌am (first half)October & November 
    6Sisiram
    ശിശിരം
    WinterVrischikam (second half)-Dhanu-Makaram (first half)Vṛścik‌‌‌am (second half)-Dhanu-Makara (first half)December & January
     

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